CHE-201
colored beakers
Chapters 1, 2, 20, 3, 4, 5, 11, 6, 7, 8, 9
Exam 1 key        Exam 2 key      Exam 3 key   Exam 4 key
Marked Notes from Each Day

Unmarked Notes for each chapter (can be printed before class)   

Notes can be viewed and printed from the web or you can install the free evernote software and "join" the notebooks for automatic syncing when they are updated. Evernote is a very useful tool and I recommend trying it out.
Unmarked Notes (pdf)
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 20
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 11     Extra page for Chapter 11
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Marked Notes (.html)
May 29 - Chap. 1
May 31 - Chap. 1
May 31 - Chap. 2
June 1 - Chap. 2
June 1 - Chap. 20
June 4 - Chap. 3 part 1
June 4 - Chap. 3 part 2
June 7 - Chap. 3
June 8 - online HW
June 8 - Chap. 3 part 1
June 8 - Chap. 3 part 2
June 8 - Chap. 4
June 11 - HW
June 11 - Chap. 4
June 11 - Exam 2
June 14 - Chap. 11 pressure and gas laws
June 14 - Chap. 11 gas stoichiometry
June 14 - Chap. 11 gas mixtures
June 15  - Chap. 11 gas mixtures
June 15  - Chap. 11 real gases
June 15  - Chap. 11 density & molar mass
June 15  - Chap. 5 thermochem
June 18 - online HW
June 18 - Chap. 6
June 21 - online HW
June 21 Chapter 7
June 22 - Online HW
June 22 - Chapter 8
June 22 - Chapter 9
June 25 HW & Bond Angles
June 25 - Chap 9 Hybridization
June 25 - Chap. 9 MO Theory
Gas Law Virtual Lab  (docx)  (pdf)
Final Exam Practice 
Questions    Answers   (This is a collection of practice tests from a study guide for the CHE-202 Final exam. Each test is over a specific topic, so you can pick out the ones that apply to CHE-201.  The file is a large pdf,  so it is best to right click and save it to your computer and then open it with adobe.)    Reference Table for Exam

Additional Review/Practice (Password protected files. Use password given to you in class.)
Chemistry Fundamentals
Bonding
Elements and Periodicity
Gases
Nuclear
Stoichiometry
Thermochemistry

BERGMAN'S VODCASTS:
  
The "Bergman" follow-along notes and vodcasts titles correspond to the Chapters in the Zumdahl textbook. There is a list of topics at the beginning of each vodcast.
  
They are located in a password-protected directory. See Mrs. D for the login and password for the notes and related vodcasts.
Chapter 1  Chemistry the Central Science

Objectives

Distinguish between physical and chemical properties and changes.

-----------

Describe each of the states of matter and phase changes in terms of kinetic energy, potential energy, and particle spacing

------------

Understand the difference between elements, compounds, and mixtures. Given a mixture, propose a reasonable method for separating its components and explain why the method is appropriate

------------

Be familiar with the units of the metric system of measurement and the temperature scales. Be able to convert measurements, especially within the metric system, by using dimensional analysis.

------------

Determine the number of significant figures in a measurement and be able to express the results of a calculation with the proper number of significant figures.
------------
Perform density calculations
------------

In-Class Worksheets
Classification Diagram
ECM Worksheet  (key)
Classifying Matter WS  (key)
Physical Chemical WS  (key)
Sig. Figs. WS  (key)
Density WS  (key)
Dim. Analysis   (key)


Resources:
Significant Figures Handout
Particle Theory Model

Recommended EOC Problems p.27: 1.__
15, 17, 23, 29, 37, 39, 49-81 odd 


My Vodcast Powerpoints
States of Matter (ppt) (adobe)
Phase Changes (
ppt) (adobe)
Types of Matter  (
ppt) (adobe)
Measurement   (
ppt)   (adobe)
Dim. Analysis  (
ppt)   (adobe)
Density   (
ppt)   (adobe)




Bergman Vodcast
Video      Notes (Ch. 1-3)



McCormick Vodcasts Notes

Chapter 2  Atoms, Molecules and Ions
 
Objectives

Have a basic knowledge of the development of the atomic model (Dalton, Thomson, Millikan, Rutherford)

-------------

 

Distinguish between protons, neutrons, and electrons and be able to describe the composition of an atom of any particular element in terms of these subatomic particles. Know the difference between an atom, an ion, an isotope and a molecule.

------------

Have a basic knowledge of the periodic table, which includes being able to predict whether an element is a metal, nonmetal, or metalloid. Locate alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, halogens, noble gases, transition metals, actinides and lanthanides on the periodic table. Be familiar with basic properties of these groups.

------------

Be able to write the correct name of an inorganic compound from its formula and vice versa.

-------------
In-Class Worksheets
Ion/Isotope WS   (key)
Naming Compounds  (key)
Naming Acids WS
Nomenclature Practice 

Resources:
Common Ions Sheet

Naming Compounds Flow Chart

Recommended EOC Problems p.69: 2.__
21-27 odd, 35, 37, 45-49 odd, 59-69 odd, 75-95 odd, 99, 103


Extra Practice
Naming Compounds WS
with key
 
My Vodcast Powerpoints
Intro to Atomic Theory
(ppt)  (adobe)
Isotopes  (
ppt)  (adobe)
Ions (
ppt)
Periodic Table  (
ppt)  (adobe)
Naming Compounds   (
ppt
Naming Acids   (
ppt)  (adobe)

Memorizing Common Ions
virtual flashcards (memorizable)
memorization tips (chemmybear)
memory game 1
memory game 2



Bergman Vodcast
Video      Notes (Ch. 1-3)


McCormick Vodcasts
Notes


Khan Vodcasts

Chapter 20 Nuclear Chemistry

Objectives

Be able to write, balance, and predict the products of nuclear reactions.

------------

Understand the meaning of half-life. Understand the nature and applications of radioactive dating. Perform calculations involving radioactive decay.

------------
Distinguish between alpha, beta and gamma radiation based on characteristics and effects of interaction with matter
---------------
Identify basic types of nuclear reactions: decay, fission, fusion, and nuclear transformations

------------

In-Class Worksheets
Nuclear Chemistry notes
Nuclear Reaction WS   (key)

Recommended EOC Problems p.887: 20.__
5, 27, 67, 69
Balancing Nuclear Equations (chemvision)

Half-life
(chemvision) Part 1  Part 2

Nuclear Fission
(chemvision)

Nuclear Fusion
(chemvision) Part 1  Part 2




Khan Vodcasts





Bergman Vodcasts
Notes (nuclear & organic)







Chapter 3  Stoichiometry: Ratios of Combination


Objectives

Calculate the atomic weight (average atomic mass) of an element from the relative abundances and masses of its naturally occurring isotopes

------------

Calculate the molar mass of a substance from its chemical formula. Calculate the percentage composition of a compound form its formula.

------------

Be able to inter convert between moles, mass, and number of particles of a substance.

------------

Calculate the empirical formula of a compound from either elemental percent composition or quantity of CO2 and H2O produced from its combustion. Calculate the molecular formula of a compound from the empirical formula and molecular weight.

------------

Be able to balance chemical equations and write balanced chemical equations from word descriptions.

------------

Find the mass of any substance in a chemical reaction given the amount of any other substance in the chemical reaction.

------------

Determine the limiting reactant (limiting reagent) in a reaction and then calculate the amount of each product and the mass of the excess reactant left over.

------------

Calculate theoretical and percent yield.


Recommended EOC Problems
p.71: 2.45 & 2.47
p.107:3.___
3, 5, 9, 11, 13, 19, 21, 23, 33-61 odd, 65-71 odd, 75-87 odd, 93-105 odd


 
My Vodcast Powerpoints
Average Atomic Mass
(ppt)    (adobe)
Empirical and Molecular Formula
(
ppt)     (adobe)
Intro to Stoichiometry
(
ppt)    (adobe)
Reaction Stoichiometry
(
ppt)   (adobe)
Limiting Reactant & %yield
(
ppt)    (adobe)   WS







Bergman Vodcast
Notes (Ch. 1-3)
Videos  Part I   Part II


McCormick Vodcasts
Notes     Stoichiometry WS


Khan Vodcasts
Chapter 4 Reactions in Aqueous Solution

Objectives

Calculate moles of solute, volume of solution, or Molarity of the solution from the other two.

Recognize and work dilution problems.

------------

Calculate the volume of a certain molarity solution required to react with another solution of known molarity. Calculate the mass of a substance that would be required to react with a given volume of a solution of known molarity.

---------

Predict the products and write balanced equations for reactions of the following reaction types: double replacement, synthesis, decomposition, neutralization, and combustion reactions.

------------

Predict to some extent whether a substance will be a strong electrolyte, weak electrolyte, or nonelectrolyte. Predict the ions that an electrolyte dissociates into. Identify substances as acids, bases, and salts.

------------

After constructing molecular reactions for double displacement reactions, be able to identify spectator ions and write the net ionic equations. Using solubility rules, predict if a precipitate forms in a double replacement reaction.

------------

Be able to assign oxidation numbers to the atoms in a compound. Identify species that are oxidized and reduced in a redox reaction.

-------------

Use the activity series (reduction potentials table) to predict whether a Single Displacement reaction will occur and be able to write the molecular and net ionic equations if it does.

------------

Resources

Reaction type Summary Table

Solubility Table

 

 

Recommended EOC Problems p.161: 4.__
9, 11, 17-23 odd, 33, 41-53 odd, 59-73 odd, 81-107 odd

 

Extra Practice

Net Ionic Equations    (key)

Synthesis and Decomposition   (key)

Single Replacement   (key)

 

Reaction Types WS   (key)

 

My Vodcast Powerpoints
Molarity  (ppt)  (adobe)
Part 1  Aqueous Reactions - Double Displacement 
(ppt)   (adobe)
Part 2   Complete ionic and net ionic equations  
(ppt)   (adobe)
Part 4   Oxidation Reduction Reactions    (
ppt)   (adobe)





Bergman Vodcast
Notes    





McCormick Vodcasts
Notes

Chapter 5   Thermochemistry

Objectives

 

Understand what the First Law of Thermodynamics means. Understand what the system, the surroundings, and the universe mean. Be familiar with how the internal energy of a system is affected by exchanges of heat and work between the system and the surroundings.

------------

Understand the concept of enthalpy. Know what the sign of the enthalpy indicates about the reaction. Be able to calculate the amount of heat released or absorbed by a reaction knowing the quantity of the reactants and the enthalpy of the reaction on a mole basis.

------------

Define Heat Capacity and Specific Heat (Capacity). Be able to work problems involving Calorimetry.

------------

State and apply Hess's Law of Constant Heat

-----------

Define and illustrate what Standard Enthalpy of Formation means. Know what the Standard State of an element or compound is. Calculate the enthalpy change of a reaction using a table of standard enthalpies of formation.

------------

Recommended EOC Problems p.202: 5.__
13, 15, 23, 25, 27, 35-41 odd, 45, 47, 53-67 odd

Extra Practice

Thermochem Review  (key)

Thermo chapter review   (key)

 


Khan Vodcasts

Bergman Vodcasts
Notes (Chapters 5 & 11)   


McCormick Vodcasts
Notes


Chapter 11  Gases

Objectives

Describe properties of gases compared to other physical states. Understand the kinetic molecular theory.

------------

Describe how gases respond to changes in V, n, P, and T. Be able to work problems using combined and ideal gas equations. Define and use common units of gas pressure in calculations.

------------

Describe how the relative rates of diffusion and effusion of gases depend on their molar masses.

------------

Understand that real gases deviate from ideal gases, especially at high pressure and/or low temperature. Know the existence of the real gas equation with corrections for particle attraction and size.

------------

Be able to calculate molar mass from gas density and vice versa.

------------

Perform calculations involving mixtures of gases. Calculate partial pressure / mole fraction of any gas from the composition of its mixture. Understand the process and calculation of the pressure of a gas collected over water.  

------------

Be able to work gas stoichiometry problems.



Recommended EOC Problems
p. 483: 11.__

23-29 odd, 35-53 odd, 55-63 odd, 67-75 odd, 87, 89, 92, 97, 101, 107, 109, 111, 115, 129


Extra Practice
Gas Law WS1
Gas Law WS2
Gases Review (this is the worksheet used in the review vodcasts)
 
My Vodcast Powerpoints
Pressure      (ppt)   (adobe)
Gas Laws   
 (ppt)    (adobe)
Ideal Gas Law  
(ppt)   adobe)
Gas Stoichiometry & Dalton's Law   
(ppt)   (adobe)
All of the stuff left in Chapter 11  
(ppt)  (adobe)



Khan Vodcasts
Bergman Vodcasts
Notes (Chapters 5 & 11)


McCormick Vodcasts
Notes





Chapter 6  Quantum Theory and the electronic structure of atoms

Objectives

Identify key scientists and explain how their discoveries contributed to development of the model of the atom. Have a basic knowledge of the development of electron theory (Planck, Einstein, DeBroglie, Bohr, Schrodinger)

-----------

Understand the concept of quantized atom and its relationship to line spectra of atoms. Understand the relationships c = λν and

E = hν.

------------

Perform calculations releated to electron energy and energy levels using equations developed by Planck, Bohr, and DeBroglie

------------

Describe the quantum numbers as to how they define electron orbitals and their value limitations. Describe the Uncertainty Principle and its effect on atomic theory. Describe the shapes of the orbital types. Understand the concept of electron spin and what it has to do with electron configuration.

------------

Write the electron configuration both symbolically and as orbital diagram for any element.

------------

Be able to write electron configurations, especially valence configurations for any element using the periodic table with the knowledge of the s, p, d, f blocks.

------------


Resources

Electron Config. handout

Recommended EOC Problems p.249 6.__: 5, 15-23 odd, 33-37 odd, 55, 57, 63, 65, 69, 77, 79, 93, 97

Extra Practice
EMR Calculations    (key)
 -Electron Configuration
       WS1  (key)
   -Electron Configuration
       WS2  (key)

Quantum numbers   (key)


My Vodcast Powerpoints
Quantum Theory
(
ppt)  (adobe)

Periodic Table for E. Configs. 2

Bergman Vodcasts
Video   Notes (Chapters 6-9)

McCormick Vodcasts
Notes(Chapters 6&7)


Khan Vodcasts




Chapter 7  Electronic configuration and the periodic table

Objectives

Describe the variations of atomic radii in the groups and periods on the periodic table and the underlying reasons for the variations.

------------

Describe the variations in first ionization energies in the groups and periods on the periodic table and the underlying reasons for the variations. Describe and explain the observed changes in successive ionization energies for a given atom.

------------

Describe the variations of electron affinity in the groups and periods on the periodic table

-----------

Describe what happens to radius when an atom forms an ion. Be able to explain the variation in size of an isoelectronic series. Be able to write the electron configuration of an ion.

In class WS

Worksheet 12   (key)

 

Extra Practice

Good summary and practice problems
Periodic Trends WS 4-3     (key)

 

Recommended EOC Problems p. 290 7.__: 19, 21, 33-45 odd, 49, 51, 57-63 odd, 67-71

 
My Vodcast Powerpoints
Periodic Trends
  (ppt)    (adobe)

Bergman Vodcasts
Video   Notes (Chapters 6-9)

McCormick Vodcasts
 Video     Notes (Ch. 6&7)

Khan Vodcasts



Chapter 8   Chemical Bonding I: Basic Concepts

Objectives

Compare and contrast covalent, ionic, and metallic bonds.

---------

Understand the energies involved in the formation of ionic bonds—ionization energy, electron affinity, and lattice energy.

------------

Qualitatively compare lattice energies for ionic compounds

-----------

Predict the formula of an ionic compound between representative elements using the octet rule, and predict an atom's probable valence, using the periodic table. Be able to write the Lewis symbol for any atom.

------------

Be able to show covalent bond formation using Lewis symbols. Write correct Lewis structures for any simple molecule or ion even when there is an exception to the octet rule.

------------

Be able to write resonance structures when no one structure is adequate. Use formal charges to determine the most plausible Lewis structure for a molecule.

-----------

Explain electonegativity, how it varies on the periodic table, and its relationship to the nature of the bond between two atoms.

Predict the relative polarities of bonds between any two atoms from their electonegativities or their positions on the periodic table.

------------

Use bond energies to estimate the enthalpy of a reaction.

Extra Practice
WS1 Lewis Structures
WS2 Resonance and formal Charge
Bond Enthalpy WS

Resources
Lewis Structure Procedure

Recommended EOC Problems
8.__: 5, 13, 17, 21, 33, 37, 39, 43, 45, 47, 53, 55, 57, 67, 69, 73, 77, 79


My Vodcast Powerpoints
Bonding
   (
ppt)   (adobe)

Vodcasts Note:
"HChem Unit 7 Part 1" covers covalent bonding and lewis structures




Khan Vodcasts
Bond Types
Bergman Vodcasts
Notes (Chapters 6-9)



McCormick Vodcasts
Notes


Chapter 9 Chemical Bonding II: Molecular Geometry and Bonding Theories

Objectives

Relate the number of electron domains in the valence shell of an atom to the geometric arrangement of electrons around the atom.

------------

Predict the molecular shape of a molecule or ion from its Lewis structure. Understand that the relative degree of repulsion between nonbonding pairs is greater than between bonding pairs of electrons.

------------

Predict, from its molecular shape and the electonegativities of the atoms involved, whether a molecule is polar (has a dipole).

------------

Explain the types of hybridization. Assign the type of hybridization on the basis of the electron geometry of the valence shell of an atom.

------------

Describe the bonding between atoms in a molecule as σ or pi. Explain the concept of delocalization in pi bonds.

------------
Understand the use of molecular orbitals in describing the bonding within a molecule
Understand the relationship between bonding orbitals and antibonding orbitals and stability of the molecule

In-class Practice
VSEPR Practice WS key

Resources
VSEPR Table


Extra Practice
WS3 VSEPR  (key)
WS4 Polarity  (key)
WS5 Hybridization
WS6 Hybridization and MO Theory

Recommended EOC Problems 9.9.__: 7-13, 17, 29, 31, 33, 39, 41, 43, 51, 53, 57
 

Supplemental videos
VSEPR and molecule polarity (see vodcast in media roll)

Molecular Orbital Theory
(Start at 9:12 min.)

Valence Bond Theory & Hybridization
(Start at 2:24 min)

Bergman Vodcasts
Video   Notes (Chapters 6-9)

McCormick Vodcasts
Notes